Surya or Lord Sun is one of the rare Gods to worship according to Hindu Dharma. Surya is also known as Surya Deva, Vasista, Savitr, Bhaskara, Dinakara, Graharaja and Sahasra-Kirana. Surya is also known as Ravi and Bhanu which are common names of Surya Deva. According to Rigveda surya is believed to be the son of Sage Kashypa and Aditi. Butthere is another belief by which Surya is son of Lord Bharma. Lord Vishnu, who largely replaces Lord Surya’s function in the Hindu immortality, is named as Surya-Narayana after his incarnation as the sun.
Suryadeva is the only God who is worshiped as Trideva. He is worshiped as Lord Bhrahma in the morning, Lord Shiva in the afternoon and Lord Vishnu in the evening time. Lord Surya is also considered as one of the eight types of Mahadeva, so he is also named as Ashtamurti. According to the historians Surya is Chief Of the Solar Gods. He is responsible to direct and lead all the Solar Gods.
It is impossible for a human being to see Surya or Sun with naked eyes. People of Hindu religion worship lord Surya by dedicating him water with a brass pot. It is believed that if someone worship at its rising time and saw him through water then Lord Surya bless them with good health and wealth.
According to Jyotish Shastra Lord Shiva is the Lord of Leo Rashi (Zodiac). It is said by the Astrologists that Lord Surya stays for one month in every Rashi and he it takes twelve month to complete all the twelve Rashis, which is a dedicated one year. Which means a year in Jyotish Shastra is calculated with the position of Surya in particular Rashi.
Makkar Sankranti is the festival dedicated to Lord Surya. This festival is also known as Maghe Sanktanki, celebrated on the first day of Magh every year. It is believed that Makkar Sankranti is the sign of end of Chilled winter.
Chhath Pooja is another festival celebrated to worship Lord Surya. It is celebrated after six days of Deepavali. People used to worship Surya for four days during Chhath Pooja. It is believed that Chhath Pooja is started by Karana (Son of Lord Surya) in respect of his father.