India is a land of great saints, they bless this earth by their teachings and way of living. In Hinduism Sadhu or Sanyasi is believed to be a person who left all his materialistic relations and happiness behind to live in the forests, temples and caves all over the India. Sadhu is a person who who has given up to the three hindu goals like Pleasure (Kama), Wealth and Power (Artha) and Duty (Dharma). He follows the path of God to achieve Moksha.
The story of creation of Sahdu is very interesting and also stated upon facts only. When Trideva (Lord Bhrama, Lord Vishu and Lord Shiva) made earth and human beings, they decided to create a category of humans which can directly connect to God. They gave this responsibility to Asura guru Shukracharya who is also known as Maha Guru. Guru Shukracharya then made four categories of Sadhus which are Rishi, Yogi, Jangam and Naga.
He divided some sort of responsibilities to them. The main motive of Rishi community is to do Havans to impress god, teach people that how to follow God, lead people to the path of God, read Rashis (Astrology) etc. Responsibilities of yogi is to spread yoga to common human beings. Yoga is believed as the practices of Lord Shiva to make hi body fit and connected to nature, Lord Shiva wanted to spread his practices to all living beings as a result Shukracharya named this community as Yogi. Jangam are people who are considered as the priest of Lord Shiva. Their responsibilities are to visit door to door and spread Lord Shiva’s Mahima. Their visit to house is treated as the visit of Lord Shiva himself.
After making these three communitie, Shukracharya noticed that he made Sadhus to spread Dharma on the earth, but who will save Dharma from Adharmis. Then he made a community of Sadhus and named them as Naga. Naga Sadhus are believed to have mystic powers, they are able to use many weapons. Naga Sadhu’s lived in himalyas for years but when it came to save Dharma they came out of the caves of Himalya and fight to save Dharma. Let us know about some famous Indian saints who spread and save dharma.
Rishi Vyasa also known as Ved Vyasa or Krishana Dvaipayan was the author of Mahabharta. He is also considered as one of seven Chirnjivis, who are immortal according to Hinduism. He is known as the person who classified vedas in to four categories, thats why he was named as Veda Vyasa. According to historians Vyasa took birth when lord Vishu uttered the syllable “Bhu” and named as Apantaratamas. He was a great devotee of Lord Vishnu and dedicated his whole to his Lord. He gained his knowledge from Lord Bhrama himself as well as from four Kumaras and naramda. Vishnu Purana was the first Mahapurana which was rewritten by Vyasa ( Firstly it was written by his father parashara). According to Vishnu Purana, in every third age of world (Dvapara yuga) , Vishnu came as Vyasa to divide Vedas in four Parts. A festival named as Guru Purnima is dedicated to Vyasa to remember him.
Rishi Atri was one of seven Saptrishi as well as one of the nine Prajapatis. Being son of Lord Bhrahma he is also known as Bhramarishi Atri. He is considered as the founder or writer of many Hindu Vedic Deities. According to historians he was the composer of large number of Hymns to Agni and Indra. His hymns are adopted by all Gurus, Gods, Demi Gods as well as Asuras. He also gave many mantras of othere Gods as well.
Vasistha is one of the oldest vedic Rishi as well as one of the Saptrishi. He is one who is known as the chief author of seventh mandala of Rigveda and a scholar. He moved across the Indus river to establish his school to teach them. Being Husband of Arundhati he is also known as Arundhati Nath. He believed a Rishi of Yoga community, in his school he used to teach Yoga practices to his students. He is considered as the great spreader of Yoga practices.
Rishi Vishvamitra was known as the author of Mandala 3 of Rigveda. He was the first person who understood the power of Gayatri Mantra. Before becoming a saint Vishvamitra ruled over a kingdom named as Kanyakubja. After his service as King, he had self-realization and walk towards the path of God. He taught many people the way to follow God by living in this materialistic world. He was the one who let people know that who to remove all five vices from their behaviour and live a peaceful life.
Rishi Bhardwaj is one of the oldest Vedic Rishi who is considered as master of economics and physics. Being son of Brahaspati, he is also known as Bhardwaj Brahaspati. He was the father of Guru Dronacharya. He was one of the seven saptrishis and mentioned four times in Rigveda. He was the author of the seventh Mandala of rigveda. He is considered as half brahmin (Sadhu) and half Naga according to modern historians, because it is believed that he knew to access many weapons.
6 Parashara Rishi
Parashara maharishi was the grandson of rishi Vashishta. He was the considered as the author of First ever Purana which is Vishnu Purana. He is also considered as second Manu, son of Shakti Manu. On the wish of Trideva (Lord Vishnu, Lord Mahesha and Lord Brhama) he destroyed and again created the world. His life taught us to follow God in simple way.
Agastya is considered as the Avtara of Lord Bhrama. His name is referred in many Hindu Holy books like Vedas, Puranas, Mahabharta, Ramayana etc. He was the boy who learnt vedas from his parents by listening from them only. He was also a Guru or a teacher and taught great emperors as well as warriors. His life taught us that a person can be a warrior as well as a saint at the same time, they are not different. If you can save others with taking the name of God then you are best.
Bhagirath was not a sage by his birth, he was great King and devotee of lord shiva. There is a great story behind his becoming of saint. Once he realized the increasing rate of crime on earth, but people want to wash off their crimes and wanted to start new lives. Mean while all the water from earth disappeared, the king decided to meet Lord Shiva. He went Kailasha and asked lord Shiva to send Ganga on earth with him. Shiva agreed with him, but Ganga’s flow can never be handled by earth directly. So lord Shiva sent Ganga on earth with his Hair and boon Ganga that she will always flow from her Hair. After this people gave Bhagirath a place of Saint, who helped them to survive as well as to wash off their crimes. From Bhagiratha we should learn that one can became saint with his / her Karmas not by birth.