Hundreds and thousands people left everything, and sacrificed their life for achieving one common goal that is freedom of India from foreign rule! These freedom fighters, monomaniac and revolutionaries came from different regions and with different mind sets to fight one common enemy which were the foreign rulers.
In India, struggle for freedom happened almost for many centuries. Indian men & women had faced a lot of problems due to British Government & Dutch people. After a long and united struggle of our freedom fighters only is the reason by which now we can enjoy our freedom living in India like free people. We should remember them who sacrificed their lives for our current free life.
We are aware of many of freedom fighters and sacrifices, many have remained unknown heroes. We have made best efforts to present some of the most prominent freedom fighters who made immense contribution towards India’s struggle for freedom.
1 Tantiya Tope
In the first war of independence in 1857 Tantiya Tope was the general and one of the notable leaders.He was a great follower of Nana Sahib of Bithur and continued to fight on his behalf. Tantiya gave a tough fight to British army in the war of 1857. Later Tantiya and Rao (Peshwa) also helped Rani Jhansi (Queen of Jhansi) to fight against British army.
2 Nana Sahib
Nana Sahib was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao of Maratha Empire. Nana Sahib was a great warrior, he led Indian rebellions in the war 1857. British Army supposed to give him pension but after his father’s death they refused to do the same. Nana was taken this as an insult and started fighting against British Army. He defeated the british army in Kanpur and many other places of the country.
3 Kunwar Singh
Kunwar Singh is the short name of Babu veer Kunwar Singh who was an Indian rebellion in 1857. He was not a king, he belonged to a Zamindaar family of bihar. He is known due to his bravery and was called as Veer Kunwar Singh.
4 Rani Lakshmi Bai
Rani Lakshmi bai was the queen of Jhansi, who was the key member of first war of Independence against British. She was the only women who get herself armed against British Army to save her state. She was also cousin of Nana Sahib. After the death of her Husband Damodar rao she adopted a son and announced her as crown prince of Jhansi. But British General refused to accept this and planned an attack on Jhansi. Queen fought them with the full bravery and died while saving her son and people Jhansi.
5 Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar tilak was an independence activist along with a teacher, lawyer and Indian nationalist. He was called as the “Father of the Indian Unrest” by british authorities. He was accepted by people as their leader and named as Lokmanya bal Gangadhar tilak. He gave so namy slogans for Indian rebellions like “Swaraj mera janamsidh adhikaar hai, aur main ise le kar rahunga.” He also established schools and newspapers to aware people about freedom.
6 Mangal Pandey
Mangal pandey was the one who started the first war of Independence in 1857 against British Army. He worked as a soldier in British Army, one day he started firing on British officials. Which was considered as the start of the great war of 1857. He became a motivation to many people, and gave them courage to stand up against British army.
7 Begam Hazrat Mahal
Begum Hazrat Mahal rebelled against the British army during the revolt of 1857 while working along with leaders like Nana Saheb and Maulavi of Faizabad. In her husband’s absence she was successful in taking control of Lucknow after leading the troops.
8 Bipin Chandra Pal
Bipin Chandra Pal was one of the important members of the Indian National Congress and a well known freedom activist. He advocated the evacuation of foreign goods in India. Along with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak,he spearheaded many revolutionary moments and activities. That’s why; he is called called as the ‘Father of Revolutionary Thoughts.’ He worked as a journalist in The Tribune and New India. Where he helped to develop nationalism in common people by his articles and news.
9 Chander Shekhar Azad
Chander Shekhar azad is one of the friend as well as companion of Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh gave his hand and shoulder to fight against British Empire. He is the one who reorganized Hindustan Republican Association. He is considered as the bravest freedom fighter. Once in the time he was surrounded by the British Army. He fought against them alone with bravery and killed many of them. When only one bullet left in his pistol, he shot himself dead. He refused to get shot by British army.
10 Subhas Chandra Bose
Widely known as Netaji, Subhas Chandra Bose was a savage freedom fighter and popular leader on the political perception of pre-independent India. Subhas Chandra Bose was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1937 at the first time and 1939 at the second time. He was the founder the Indian National Army. He was the one who gave the famous slogans like, ‘Tum Mujhe Khoon Do main Tumhe Ajadi Doonga’ and ‘Delhi Chalo’. For his anti-British activities, Bose was jailed 11 times by British Empire between 1920 and 1941. He was also the leader of the youth wing of Congress Party.
11 Bhagat Singh
The name Bhagat Singh is equivalent with sacrifice, bravery, patriotism and vision. He sacrificed his life at the age of 30. At the time of pre-independence Bhagat Singh became an inspiration and a symbol of fearlessness. Along with other freedom fighters, Bhagat Singh became founder of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Bhagat Singh hurled a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly, to remind the British government of its misdeeds. By espouse death at a young age, Bhagat Singh became a symbol of sacrifice, bravery and courage and residing forever in the hearts of every Indian.
12 Jawahar Lal Nehru
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the most prominent freedom fighters of India. He was elected to become the first Prime Minister of free India. He was also the author of the famous book – ‘Discovery of India’. Nehru was believed as extremely fond of children and was called by them as ‘Chacha Nehru’. Jawahar Lal Nehru’s birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day every year in India, to give him tribute by the nation.
13 Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was the one who led the Indian independence movement and was successful in freeing India from the clench of the British Empire. He took the path of non-violence and involved in many movements as part of his inspiring cold fight against the British rule. His way of non-violence is accepted by various people of the country and also given him name of “Father is Nation” by them. Gandhi was a great soul in eyes of millions of people.
14 Udham Singh
Udham Singh was one of the most important and famous freedom fighter and revolutionaries who took part in much Indian independence movement. He is remembered for taking revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh exterminate by brutally murdering Sir Michael O’Dwyer. For this act british government was convicted Udham Singh and was sentenced to death.
15 Mahadev Govind Ranade
Mahadev Govind Ranade was considered as one of the key founding members of Indian National Congress. Mahadev Govind worked as a social reformer, encouraging women empowerment and widow remarriage, apart from serving as Bombay High Court’s judge. It was him to understand that India’s fight for freedom can never be won without a social reform.
16 Lala Lajpat Rai
He was one of the most prominent members of the Indian National Congress. Lala Lajpat Rai is often remembered for leading a protest against the Simon Commission in India. During this protest, he was beaten by James A. Scott, who was the superintendent of police. This ultimately became a reason for his death. He is remembered as the immortal part of ‘Lal Bal Pal’ trimurti.