India is a Land of festivals and many religions as well languages. Here people from every religion has democracy to celebrate their festivals. In India Hindu festivals are center of attraction because more than any religion’s festivals Hindu festivals are celebrated. Hindu festival calander is also known as Tyohar calander. This includes list of all festivals according to Panchang which is a calander to determine the dates of Hindu festivals according to the positions of stars and planets. Each and every Hindu festival is celebrated because of some sacred values but according to scientists every Hindu festival has a deeper scientific reason to celebrate. These festivals help to keep human being connected with GOD. Their belief in God never got distracted. Let’s know about various Hindu festivals and reason behind their celebration.
1 Maha Shivratri
Maha Shivratri is biggest festival of Hinduism. It is related with Lord Shiva, a God who has no start and end. According to English Calendar it is celebrated in the month of March, but according to Tyohar Calendar it is celebrated at the fourteenth day of every Lunar month every year. It is believed that this festival is celebrated because on this is the night when Lord Shiva drank the poison named Halahal as well as he performed Tandava (A dance form) which is a dance of creation and destruction. People keep fasting for the whole day and worship Lord Shiva. Devotees of Lord Shiva used to visit Lord Shiva Jyotirlinga to avail the blessings of Lord Shiva. On this day unmarried girls worship Lord Shiva in the wish of a handsome groom like Lord Shiva.
Holi is known as festival of colors which is celebrated in the Spring Season. Along with India it is also celebrated in South Asia, Europe and North America. The reason behind the celebration of this festival is Bhagat Prahlad. Bhagat Prahlad was devotee of Lord Vishnu but his father was an Asura. He don’t want his son to worship any lord. He tried many times to kill Prahlad, but every time he was unsuccessful. Then his sister named Holika helped him to kill prahlad. She had a magical Sari given to her by Lord Brahma. This sari had magical powers; it never got burnt due to fire. Holika kept phahlad in his lap and sat in fire, But he magical sari saved Prahlad. As a result holika got burnt, because of this reason the festival is known as Holi. It is said that it was Lord Vishnu who saved the life of Prahlad. Later this featival is celebrated to remember the love of Lord Krishna and Radha. In cities related to Lord Krishna like Vrindavana and Mathura.
3 Rama Navami
Rama Navami as the name suggest related with Lord Rama. It is celebrated on the ninth day of Spring Navratras. It is believed that this is the day when Lord Vishnu took birth as Rama on this day in the house of King Dashratha and Queen Kaushlaya in Ajodhya. Lord Rama is considered as the 7th avatar of Lord Vishnu People worship Lord Rama on this day by telling their stories (Ramayana) and bhajans. In Ajodhya on this day people decorate the city like a marriage hall. People celebrate this day in very joy in Ajodhya.
This festival is celebrated to welcome the monsoon season also known as Hariyali Teej. This festival is also celebrated to remember the reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It is believed that on this day Lord Shiva accepted Goddess Parvati as his wife. On this day girls used to play under the trees on swings along with singing and dancing. Mothers gave gifts along with clothes, bangles, mehndi, bindi etc. to their married daughters. Unmarried girls wishes to have a handsom and intelligent husband like Lord Shiva. Girls also keep fast and worship Goddess Gauri who is the wife of Lord Shiva and pray her for a suitable husband for them. Teej is celebrated with different names at the different parts of the country like in North India it is named as Kajari teej, in Nepal it is known as Harayali teej and in some parts of country it is named as Hartalika teej & akha teej.
This festival is celebrated after the day of Rama Navami. This day is celebrated for the victory of Good on Evil that’s why it is also known as Vijyadashami. On this day Lord Rama killed Ravana and saved Goddess Sita. This day is celebrated in every city of the country. People made statues of Ravana, Meghnatha and Kumbhkarana and burn them to spread the message that good always wins over evil. There is another reason to celebrate this festival. Goddess Durga killed buffalo demon Mahishasura that’s why this day is also celebrated as Durga Puja. People worship Goddess Durga during navratras and on the day of Vijyadashmi they celebrate as the victory of Goddess Durga.
Diwali is the festival of light. The reason behing the celebration is again related with Lord Rama. On this day Lord Rama came back to Ajodhya after completing fourteen year of his Banishment to Forests along with his wife Sita and brother Laxmana. People of Ajodhya celebrated this day with lots of joy and lightened Diyas (small cup shaped oil lamps made of baked clay) of Ghee in the whole. This day is also known as the resemblance of the light in the life. It is believed that on this day all the darkness from the lives of people got disappeared. Indian people clean their houses on till the day of Diwali, to welcome the Goddess Laxami in their houses. There is a belief that on this day Goddess Laxami visits every house to fulfill it with money, fame and happiness. People used to light fireworks on this day, which makes this day more excited and joyful.
7 Krishna Janamashtmi
Krishna Janamashtmi is celebrated to remember the birth of Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna was the avatar of Lord Vishnu. According to Geeta (the holy book) Lord Krishna was the eight child of Devaki and Vasudeva who took birth on this earth to kill Kansa (The asura and brother of Devaki) as well as to spread love on this earth. When Lord Krishna took birth in jail of kansa, it is believed that all the guards fall in deep sleep. Then to save the life of Krishna Vasudeva put him in a basket and cross the river in heavy rain to reach Gokul. On the way Sheshnaga saved lord Krishna from rain. Then Vasudeva gave his son to his friend Nanda and Yashoda to keep him alive and safe, that’s why the day is also known as Gokulashtmi. On this day a ritual is performed by youngsters named as Dahi Handi. In this a pot filled with yogurt got hanged at difficult to reach height. Young men and boys make team and try to reach and break the pot bt making the formation of human pyramid. Girls of the surrounding used to sing songs and cheer the boys. Along with this ritual on this day people used to worship Balkrishna(Child Krishna) avtar of Lord Krishna.